While most people think of all bugs as pest insects, a few species are considered true pests because they can be especially annoying or they can pose a danger to your home and garden. Fortunately, a professional technician has several options available that can be used for pest insect control. Pest control methods may include the use natural predators and structural sealing, but the leading weapon in the arsenal of an experienced technician is an array of pesticides.
Choosing the Right Pesticide
One of the most difficult aspects of pest insect control is choosing the right pesticide for the job. This is why it can be extremely helpful to hire a reliable and experienced technician. The first step in choosing a pesticide is correctly identifying the pest that is causing the problem.
Not all insects are pests. Some insects can be very helpful by naturally controlling pest insect populations and by pollinating the plants in your garden. Choosing the wrong pesticide may make matters worse than they already are.
Types of Pesticides
Pesticides for pest insect control come in two different types: contact pesticides and systemic pesticides. Contact pesticides directly kill the insects that touch them. Initial contact is the most effective at eradicating insects, but the pesticides may also have a residual effect that can kill or weaken insects in the area of application days or weeks later. Following are a few tips for using contact insecticides:
- Be sure to reapply the insecticide after a heavy rain or after a thorough cleaning.
- When inside the home, apply the pesticides in bait traps to reduce exposure.
- Apply contact pesticides in the morning or evening when insects are feeding.
Systemic insecticides are usually used outdoors. Instead of killing pests directly, these chemicals are applied onto the plants near your home that insects like to eat. The pesticides affect the insects after they eat the plants. Even if the pesticides do not kill all of the insects, they may act as a deterrent. A few tips for using systemic pesticides are as follows:
- Do not apply systemic pesticides in the rain.
- Do not apply the pesticides to edible plants.
- Plants with large root systems work the best.
Pest insect control is not all about pesticides. Preventative measures can be used to reduce the risk of infestation without the use the chemicals. Following are some of the most effective preventative measures that can be taken:
- Seal cracks in your foundation or other points of entry.
- Repair any rotted wood inside or outside your home.
- Clear piles of leaves, debris and unused objects that can harbor insects.
- Store unrefrigerated foods in airtight containers.
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